Laravel Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers

Introduction: Laravel is a popular PHP framework known for its elegant syntax and robust features. For freshers aspiring to kickstart their careers in web development, mastering Laravel is a valuable asset. Whether you’re preparing for a job interview or simply looking to enhance your knowledge, this article provides a comprehensive list of Laravel interview questions and answers tailored for freshers.

  1. What is Laravel?

Laravel is an open-source PHP web framework used for building web applications following the MVC (Model-View-Controller) architectural pattern. It offers a rich set of functionalities, including routing, authentication, caching, and database manipulation, making web development efficient and enjoyable.

  1. What are the features of Laravel?

Laravel boasts several features that contribute to its popularity among developers:

  • Eloquent ORM for database management
  • Blade templating engine for intuitive views
  • Artisan command-line interface for automating tasks
  • Middleware for filtering HTTP requests
  • Authentication and authorization system
  • Built-in testing support with PHPUnit
  • Laravel Mix for asset compilation and optimization
  1. Explain the Laravel directory structure.

Laravel follows a well-defined directory structure:

  • app: Contains application-specific classes like controllers, models, and middleware.
  • config: Holds configuration files for various components.
  • database: Includes migration files and seeders for database management.
  • public: Houses the front controller and publicly accessible assets.
  • resources: Contains views, language files, and assets like CSS and JavaScript.
  • routes: Defines application routes.
  • storage: Stores cached files, session data, and logs.
  • tests: Contains test cases for automated testing.
  • vendor: Holds Composer dependencies.
  1. What is Eloquent ORM?

Eloquent ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) is Laravel’s built-in ORM that simplifies database operations by mapping database tables to PHP objects. It provides an expressive syntax for querying databases and performing CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations without writing raw SQL queries.

  1. How do you define routes in Laravel?

Routes in Laravel are defined in the routes directory within the web.php or api.php files. You can define routes using the Route facade, specifying the HTTP verb, URI, and corresponding controller method or callback function.


Route::get('/home', 'HomeController@index');
  1. Explain the concept of middleware in Laravel.

Middleware acts as a filter for HTTP requests entering your application. It intercepts requests and can perform actions such as authentication, logging, or modifying request data before passing it to the application’s routes or controllers. Laravel provides several pre-defined middleware like auth for authentication and csrf for CSRF protection, and you can also create custom middleware as per your requirements.

  1. How do you perform database migrations in Laravel?

Database migrations in Laravel allow you to manage database schema changes in a version-controlled manner. You can create a migration file using the Artisan command-line tool and define the schema changes within the file. Once defined, running the migration applies those changes to the database.


php artisan make:migration create_users_table
  1. What is Laravel Blade?

Blade is a lightweight and powerful templating engine provided by Laravel for generating views. It allows you to write clean and concise templates with features like template inheritance, control structures, and echoing variables. Blade templates are compiled into plain PHP code, providing excellent performance.

  1. How do you handle form validation in Laravel?

Laravel provides a convenient way to validate incoming HTTP requests using form request validation. You can create a form request class using the Artisan command-line tool, define validation rules within the class, and Laravel automatically handles the validation. If validation fails, appropriate error messages are returned, allowing you to display them in your views.


public function store(Request $request)
    $validatedData = $request->validate([
        'name' => 'required|string|max:255',
        'email' => 'required|email|unique:users',
        'password' => 'required|string|min:8|confirmed',

    // Process validated data...

Mastering Laravel opens up numerous opportunities in the field of web development. By understanding these Laravel interview questions and answers, freshers can confidently approach job interviews and demonstrate their proficiency in Laravel development. Continuously practicing and exploring Laravel’s features will further enhance your skills and make you a valuable asset to any development team.

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